In the traditional information absorption model of teaching, the teacher organizes and presents information to students-learners. He may use a variety of teaching resources to support lesson such as chalkboard, videotape, newspaper or magazine and photos. The presentation is followed by discussion and the giving of assignment. Among the assignments may be a research on a given topic. This teaching approach has proven successful for achieving learning outcomes following the lower end of Bloom’s Taxonomy: knowledge, comprehension, and application are concerned.
But a new challenge has arisen for today’s learners and this is not simply to achieve learning objectives but to encourage the development of students who can do more than receive, recall, recite and apply the knowledge they have acquired. Today, students are expected to be not only cognitive, but also flexible, analytical and creative. In this lesson, there are methods proposed by the use of computer-based as an integral support to higher thinking skills and creativity.
Higher Level Learning Outcomes
To define higher level thinking skills and creativity, we may adopt a framework that is a helpful synthesis of many models and definitions on the subject matter. The framework is not exhaustive but a helpful guide for the teacher’s effort to understand the learner’s higher learning skills.
Complex Thinking Skills
Defining the problem, goal/objective-setting, brainstorming
Selection, recording of data of information
Associating, relating new data with old
Identifying idea constructs, patterns
Deducing, inducting, elaborating
Setting criteria, testing idea, verifying outcomes, revising
Figure 4 - Thinking Skills Framework
The Upgraded Project Method
In this modern day, the teachers are now guided on their goal to help students achieve higher level thinking skills and creativity beyond the ordinary.
We know the fact that the ordinary classroom is awfully lack in instructional toolkits; as a result the teacher might have a difficulty to bring the students to the higher domains of learning and achieving, so the project method is suggested.
Teachers assign the students to work on projects with depth, complexity duration and relevance to the real word.
Project is utilized because students need to make the most of the decisions about what to put inside their project, how to organize their information and ideas and how to communicate their result effectively.
Upgraded Project Method
In here, there is a tighter link between the uses of projects for simply coming up with products to have the students undergo the process of higher thinking skills under the framework of the Constructivist Paradigm.
In this new project method, the students are advised to use computer application and high technology in doing their projects.
It emphasize on how the students construct knowledge. The students, not the teacher are the one who make decisions about what to put into the project, how to organize information, how to package the outcomes for presentation and the like.
In doing projects, there are two things that are involved: the process and the product.
Process- refers to the steps, effort and experiences in project completion.
Product- is the result or the end point of the process.
As a future teacher, we must take into consideration the process in every project because in the process, the students were able to think and apply their creativity as results they have develop their higher order thinking skills.
Four Types of I-T Based Projects
●Web design project